Naxos is a Greek island and the largest of the Cyclades. It was the centre of archaic Cycladic culture. The largest town and capital of the island is Chora or Naxos City. The main villages are Filoti, Apiranthos, Vivlos, Agios Arsenios, Koronos and Glynado.
According to tradition, the first inhabitants of the island were the Thracians and the Pelasgians. Later came the Kares, led by Naxos, to which is given the name of the island. Zeus, the father of the gods of the ancient Greeks, was born in Crete but raised in Naxos and gave his name to its highest mountain, Za (1004 m). Dionysos, the god of wine, merged in Naxos with Ariadne, the goddess of fertility. Their union endowed the island with fertile land. The island is known as a source of emery, a corundum-rich rock that was one of the best abrasives available until modern times.
Naxos has the cosmopolitan air of a modern tourist resort and at the same time retains its traditional color and folk culture. Together with the 4 small islands, Iraklia, Schinoussa, Koufonissia and Donousa, they comprise the Municipality of Naxos and the Small Cyclades.