Lesbos is an island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea. It has an area of 1,633 km2 (631 sq mi) with 321 kilometres (199 miles) of coastline, making it the third largest island in Greece, after Crete and Evia. It is separated from Turkey by the narrow Mytilini Strait. It has two bays. The largest is of Kalloni and the youngest of Gera.
Millions of years ago, the eruption of a volcano was the cause of the creation of the Lesvos Petrified Forest, one of the most beautiful natural monuments of its geological heritage, worth a visit when found on the island. The intense volcanic activity of the area thus shaped the geological structure of the island. Its eastern side is flooded with saltwater, rivers, reeds, vast olive groves and pine forests, while the western side is reminiscent of a “dry” island. In September 2012 the entire island of Lesvos joined the UNESCO World Geoparks Network.
From antiquity to the modern age it was the birthplace of a great number of poets, musicians, historians, philosophers, prominent in their years, names up to the present, such as the popular painter Theophilus, the Nobel laureate poet, Elytis and many others. It is the homeland of the famous ancient poets Sappho and Alkaios.
If one chooses to stay only in Mytilene, its capital ( the other common name of the island), it is sure to leave with beautiful pictures. Mytilene is a lively city, uniquely combining the crystal clear sea with lush forests. History, culture and traditions with modern cosmopolitan life. Museums and sightseeing tours.
Lesvos is considered the home of ouzo and several well-known ouzo brands come from the island. The island is also famous for olive oil.